The world is all yours. You are free to make your own choices, live a life as you wish, have a nice education and well-paid job, travel safely around the globe, and have the right to express your opinion freely. Your life if full of possibilities and it feels like now is the best moment to be alive. All these points are surely true if you were born an HWHM - healthy white heterosexual male.
If you take a moment to think about this phrase at least in the historical and social contexts, it stops sounding feministic and starts turning into the ugly reality of today. Who has an opportunity to get a better education and later take most of good jobs? Who is more likely to have a great political career or be a successful businessperson? Who is taken more seriously and treated more fairly in the society? The answer to all of these questions is, once again, an HWHM.
In a modern patriarchal world, we can read a lot of gender equality articles, which state that there is the supreme group of people who get most of advantages and have more freedom than any other existing class. However, it has not always been like that, and, as the world is undergoing changes every day, it will not always be. People of other genders, races, and sexual orientations are not anyhow worse than HWHMs; thus, equal rights in every sphere of life are the goal that can and should be achieved. The comprehension of discrimination and stereotypes, their origin, development, and ways their influence on our minds can be brought to naught is one of the best methods that can be used to create healthy conditions for every human being to live, prosper, and fulfill own dreams through desired means.
This is one of the numerous things women and gender studies course teaches. Many people who do not go deep into research, think that this subject is for feminists who are into learning everything about feminism, poverty, and the oppression of women, and writing numerous articles on gender equality. Moreover, such people assume that this study teaches to hate men when it is actually about the global understanding of human beings' diversity, the way they perceive the world and are being perceived by other individuals. It also shows how the society functions, how and why stereotypes are formed, and explains reasons certain people are considered more privileged than others. More than that, women and gender studies course helps to identify oneself not within such limited terms as gender or class, but as a unique individual who has the right to think, act, and feel in the own special way. Yes, women and gender studies definitely focus on females, their lives, and roles in the mondial community. However, the same amount of attention is given to other 'minority groups', which are usually recognized by the factors they are discriminated by.
The discipline looks at other studies in a completely new and critical way. People rarely think that what we know about some subjects is not objective at all, as we see things from the biased viewpoints of authors who have been writing books for school, college, and university students for decades. For example, history books rarely include the information about the role of women during wars. They were nurses, protectors, and even fighters who were taking part in the military actions together with men; a great number of women died, suffered, accomplished memorable feats, and this information is barely taken into account by many historians and book-writers.
Hence, if you are taking a women and gender studies course, especially in the US, UK, or Canada, where this discipline flourishes the most, you are a lucky student who has an opportunity to see the real state of things in the modern world, analyze the past and future events critically, and get inspired to make some real changes in own life for better. Even though it sounds exciting, women and gender studies is an academic discipline with its own requirements, which means you will have to prepare written works on different topics for it. The study is very interesting, but you may have no time or desire to focus on it, or there can be other obstacles standing on your way to writing essays about gender discrimination. Fortunately, you do not need to force yourself to write, as there is a professional helper who will gladly do it for you. Pro-Papers.com is a women and gender studies custom term paper writing service writing service that works online 24/7 to take care of assignments on different topics and of different lengths. Hence, it is your best choice if you need a high-quality essay fast and for a very moderate price.
As women and gender studies covers thousands of interesting questions, problems, and discussions, the majority of available topics can turn it into a great case study on gender equality. However, due to such variety of areas to cover, the topic choice is a complicated process and you will definitely struggle to pick only one from all ideas you like. Whether you have not thought about the topic yet or cannot make a final decision, this list will help to overview a few excellent options and make a right choice for your gender equality essay.
- Gender and sexuality.
The society has been dividing people into two categories of masculine and feminine for years, and the realization that there are far more gender categories has got to our minds just recently causing a lot of hot discussions. Due to religious, cultural, and other believes, many people cannot accept the fact that there are numerous non-binary gender individuals, the ones that do not fall within generally accepted heterosexual standards. However, it is well known that people tend to fear what they do not understand, and, therefore, learning more about LGBT community can help these people acknowledge the rights of persons from this group and stop their ongoing oppression; while for members of the community, it is a great chance to embrace own sexuality without having to hide it or be ashamed of it. If you have not found any useful information in this paragraph to write your gender analysis essay, there is no need to worry, you will find more info below.
- Toys and stereotypes.
What are the usual toys children of different genders play with? Typical answers would be robots and cars for boys and Barbies together with baby dolls for girls. However, people rarely think of how sexist, such allocation of toys is, and what kind of ideas parents impose upon their kids by giving them certain playthings. Since the early age, children are being programmed by toys, and it can be clearly seen on a few examples. The Barbie dolls that girls love so much are presenting the unrealistic image of a woman with the perfect body parameters and looks making girls crave for being as gorgeous and skinny when they grow up, which may later result in numerous health issues. The kewpie dolls are basically sending a message that the primary goal of women is to give birth and nurture children in future. There is no need to discuss kitchen sets, irons, and similar toys, which are preparing a girl to be housewives. Cars, little soldiers, and toy weapon, on the other hand, are considered the ultimate 'boy toys,' which actually contribute to aggression and violent behavior. What kind of toys are safe then? How to stop 'programming' kids and give them real opportunities to learn? Almost every question you ask on the topic is actual and requires further research. Hence, there are a lot of issues in the area that can make it to a good essay on gender studies if you put sufficient efforts.
- Men as sexual victims.
There are many conversations going about women and child rape, as these social groups are facing such issue more frequently. However, as adult males are the minority in this case, or rather abusers in most of them, the awareness about men rape is rarely raised at all. Yes, almost everyone knows about the issue, as its pretty common for prisons all over the world, but people do not see it happening outside penal institutions. Nevertheless, if the society is not familiar with the problem, it does not mean this problem does not exist or can be ignored. Due to the shame felt, thousands of men do not report cases of sexual abuse, hence, exacerbating an issue even more. Making the work on the topic, you can not only study the issue from different perspectives and produce an A+ essay on gender equality but also raise the awareness of such problem and encourage people to share information in order to help prevent the men rape.
- Pregnancy discrimination.
As the role of women in the society has changed significantly over the past few decades, more and more of them are joining the job market. That certainly does not mean they do not want to have a family, or they do not have one already. However, for modern women, a job is one of the important aspects of self-realization, which means they want to be successful the same as men do. Nevertheless, from the viewpoint of an employer, a woman on a position can become a problem, simply because she can get pregnant. Even though a maternity leave in many countries is just a few weeks long, the employer does not want to lose money when a specialist is missing or spend time and resources to hire and train a new person if such leave lasts for several months. Moreover, in many companies, women who take the maternity leave save their working spots, and, therefore, hirers have to fire a newbie and put a young mother in the way of things when she is back, which certainly does not benefit the business productivity. Women, on the other hand, suffer too because they may not be hired due to such company's logic, and mothers cannot spend the adequate amount of time with their newborn children. Therefore, there is a huge need in finding ways to satisfy both employers and female workers, create a method, which will help the first ones not to lose money and specialists in the team, and for the second ones not to be discriminated during the recruitment, to be paid during long maternity leave and be able to fulfill professional goals. Hence, if you have any idea how to make it real or you have found related issues that need to be discussed, you have a great topic for the women equality essay.
- Opposite-sex friendship.
There is a huge discussion going over this topic for ages and there is still no answer to the question whether it is possible for males and females to have completely platonic relationships. Some researchers suggest that men and women think about opposite sex friendship in very different ways. While most of female participants do not see any romantic perspectives or sexual tension in such relationships, their male counterparts tend to think that there might be something going on already, or they will definitely make it to a couple with their current 'girl-just-friends.' Hence, the belief in existence of pure friendship between different sexes is thought out to be dependent on the gender. However, there were researches where the studied groups of people showed opposite results. What were the limitations of all these experiments? What can be done to conduct the better ones? These are only a few questions you can cover in the gender criticism essay. Moreover, you can actually make your own experiment and take a scope of people, which, for example, has not been tested before. This way you will prepare a great essay on gender inequality that will certainly be used by others who study this issue. Just think of a good topic that would be interesting to you, and keep in mind that it should be useful for other people to read your piece of writing.
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Essay on gender equality
The issue of gender equality has been widely discussed in philosophical literature and the mass media sources. In any democratic society, gender equality is considered to be an important moral principle that should be followed by all members of society. Reviewing ethical theories, it is possible to apply the core principles of each of the theories to the issue of gender equality in order to identify the ethical theory that provides the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue and the ethical theory that provides the least satisfactory answer to the issue of gender equality. There are several ethical theories that could be used to answer the issue of gender equality. The three theories that will be discussed in this paper include utilitarianism, virtue ethics and feminine theory. Considering the key principles of these ethical theories, it is possible to identify the most powerful theory that could be used to handle the issue of gender equality. Thesis statement: Feminine theory captures basic moral insights in relation to gender equality because it highlights the necessity to address women’s rights, providing guidelines for morality and ethical consistency. This theory is the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue of gender equality, comparing with utilitarianism and virtue ethics.
Equality (Gender): Basic Information about the Issue
The issue of equality, especially gender equality, is an important ethical issue that requires the proper investigation in order to find solutions. The issue of gender equality is associated with human values and the socially constructed process of developing values in humans. Moreover, the issue of gender equality combined with the emergence of social movements may result in the promotion of gender equality at the global level. According to Cady Stanton (2007), many organizations are focused on promotion of women’s rights. In Cady Stanton’s lecture “Subjection of women”, the author continues to advocate a wide range of reforms that she considered crucial to achieving equality for women” (p. 140). The author believes that women should be focused on developing and establishing their independence in social life and in their relationships with men. Her work inspired many feminists and contributed to the development of feminist movements.
Besides, the issue of gender equality depends on the role of political authorities in finding the proper solutions. Marilyn Friedman (2003) pays due attention to the issue of gender quality in the book Autonomy, Gender, Politics. The author discusses this issue highlighting the role of government in various practices of a cultural minority within the society, in which women’s rights are violated (Friedman, 2003). According to Marilyn Friedman (2003), “equality, rights, autonomy, justice, and liberty are all variously interpreted by liberals themselves”(p. 182). The author believes that liberal government and liberalism in general provide many solutions to the dilemma of equality of cultural minorities, namely the issue of women’s rights.
Moreover, the significance of the issue of gender equality is reflected in everyday situations. In the video Gender Stereotypes in Media, there are many examples, which demonstrate men’s relation to women in different situations. As a matter of fact, the media maintains gender stereotypes. Gender stereotypes are associated with different gender role attitudes, and place emphasis on the necessity to handle this issue in a proper way. Gender stereotypes can be found at home, at work and even in schools. These phrases prove the existence of stereotypes caused by gender inequality: “You just a woman with a small brain” or “If I take you on, you don’t say anything, you don’t question me …because you are a girl” (dsnook, 2009, Feb. 23). Stereotypes in advertising are still prevalent, although much has been changed over the last 50 years in the United States (jeeprollover, 2011, Oct. 26). Television plays a significant role in reinforcing stereotypes. Besides, various female stereotypes presented in Disney Films teach women different things that are associated with gender inequality. For example, in Beauty and the Beast, girls are taught to accept that men are dominant in relationships (jonesyy217, 2011, Dec. 12).
The application of three of the ethical theories to the issue of gender equality
The issue of gender equality can be discussed based on the application of various ethical theories, including utilitarianism, virtue ethics and feminine ethics. Using the core principles of each of the above mentioned theories; it is possible to prove the fact that the issue of gender equality is an ethical issue that requires a comprehensive moral answer.
Utilitarianism is considered to be an ethical theory that helps to determine the rightness/ or wrongness of some issue on the basis of an estimated outcome. In other words, utilitarianism is focused on usefulness of something or somebody’s actions rather than on moral obligation or moral duty (Jaggar, 2010; Louden, 2013). In the case of gender equality, utilitarianism places emphasis on the outcomes of gender relations. According to this ethical theory, the rightness/ or wrongness of human actions that reflect gender inequality can be determined by the need for assessing the outcomes. From women’s point of view, gender inequality brings evil consequences because women’s rights are limited, and women’s independence is limited.
Virtue ethics is an ethical theory that highlights the role of character traits. In other words, this ethical theory shifts the focus from the established rules and actions to the proper character traits. Although virtue ethics cannot strengthen the role of morality in human actions and decisions, moral reasoning needs the analysis of character traits (Louden, 2013). For virtue ethics, the major object of morality and moral evaluation can be an agent, but not his/her actions or decisions. Thus, this theory is centered on characters traits of agents (both good and bad agents). Their rights or wrong acts are not taken into consideration by virtue ethicists (Louden, 2013). Virtue ethics can be applied to the issue of gender equality. Moral character traits promoted by virtue ethics can give explanation to gender stereotyping and gender inequality, caused by evil traits of character.
Feminine ethics is an ethical theory that is focused on the feminist approach to ethics. The core principles of this ethical theory are aimed at correcting men’s biases that can be found in other ethical theories. These biases discriminate women, promoting women’s subordination, and disregarding women’s moral experience (Jaggar, 2010). The major principle of this theory is to criticize the actions, behaviors and practices of men who discriminate women, perpetuate women’s subordination. This theory is based on developing “philosophical accounts of the nature of morality and of the central moral concepts that treat women’s moral experience respectfully” (Jaggar, 2010, p. 528).
Identification of the ethical theory
that provides the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue
There are both strengths and weaknesses, which can be identified for each of the ethical theories as applied to the issue of gender equality. In order to identify the ethical theory that provides the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue, it is necessary to refer to the strengths of ethical theories discussed in the previous section of the paper.
To start with, the strengths of utilitarianism include two important characteristics of the theory. First, utilitarianism is “a single principle, an absolute system with a potential answer for every situation” (Pojman, 2004, p. 120). Second, this theory “seems to get to the substance of morality”(Pojman, 2004, p. 120). These strengths are focused on the usefulness of actions.
In addition, virtue ethics has its strengths. The strengths of virtue ethics include the significance of personal integrity. The major strength of virtue ethics is that it provides an opportunity to individuals to make decisions. Moreover, virtue ethics is closely connected with practical ethics, reinforcing the autonomy of individuals (Louden, 2013).
Besides, feminine ethics has its strengths in relation to different issues. The primary principles of feminist ethics include the promotion of the traits and values that are tied to women. The strength of feminine approach to ethics includes the reflection of women’s experiences. This ethical theory is aimed at putting the agenda of independence, liberation and equality in the forefront (Jaggar, 2010).
Thus, it is possible to identify the theory that is better than others in the case of gender equality is feminine theory. This ethical theory helps to explain the necessity of struggle for equal rights in the workplace, at home, and in other public places. This theory promotes the increased role of diversity in human society. Feminist approach is the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue of gender equality because advocates changes in human society based on the interests of women. Women’s rights in different sectors should be equal with men’s rights.
Identification of the ethical theory
that provides the least satisfactory answer to the issue
In order to identify the ethical theory that provides the least satisfactory answer to the issue of gender equality, it is necessary to refer to the weaknesses of ethical theories. The major weakness of utilitarianism as applied to the conception of equality is that it is focused on certain rights and obligations and fair shares of resources. The weakness of virtue ethics is that this theory is not oriented to principle-based ethics. Virtue ethics may create certain social problems (Louden, 2013). The weakness of feminine theory is focused on the fact that it deals only with oppression and discrimination of women. Taking into consideration of the weaknesses of the ethical theories discussed in the paper, it is possible to identify the ethical theory that provides the least satisfactory answer to the issue of gender equality.
Virtue ethics is an ethical theory that may praise some virtues that are considered to be immoral. Besides, virtue ethics does not involve the fundamental concepts, such as duty, obligation and rights. As a result, this theory cannot deal in a proper way with some significant issues. Virtue ethics does not highlights the role of what makes the act or behavior right and what makes it wrong. According to Louden (2013), virtue ethics is dependent on the final end which influences human lives, but it may not be virtuous. The issue of equality requires promoting moral principles in relation to women.
Thus, it is necessary to conclude that ethical theories can be applied to different issues of public concern, including the issue of gender equality. Feminine theory is focused on basic moral insights in relation to gender equality because it highlights the necessity to handle discrimination of women, providing guidelines for morality and ethical consistency. This theory is considered to be the most satisfactory moral answer to the issue of gender equality, comparing with utilitarianism and virtue ethics.