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Dream Children Essayist Crossword

Charles Lamb achieved lasting fame as a writer during the years 1820-1825, when he captivated the discerning English reading public with his personal essays in the London Magazine, collected as Essays of Elia (1823) and The Last Essays of Elia (1833). Known for their charm, humor, and perception, and laced with idiosyncrasies, these essays appear to be modest in scope, but their soundings are deep, and their ripples extend to embrace much of human life—particularly the life of the imagination. Lamb is increasingly becoming known, too, for his critical writings. Lamb as Critic (1980) gathers his criticism from all sources, including letters. A new edition of his entertaining letters is also underway. While Lamb was an occasional journalist, a playwright (of small success), a writer for children, and a poet, it is his prose which has endured. He early realized that poetry was not his vocation; his best poetry was written in youth.

The son of John and Elizabeth Field Lamb, Charles Lamb, a Londoner who loved and celebrated that city, was born in the Temple, the abode of London lawyers, where his father was factotum for one of these, Samuel Salt. The family was ambitious for its two sons, John and Charles, and successful in entering Charles at Christ's Hospital, a London charity school of merit, on 9 October 1782. Here he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge, a fellow pupil who was Lamb's close friend for the rest of their lives and who helped stir his growing interest in poetry. Lamb left school early, on 23 November 1789. (Because he had a severe stammer, he did not seek a university career, then intended to prepare young men for orders in the Church of England.) In September 1791 he found work as a clerk at the South Sea House, but he left the following February, and in April he became a clerk at the East India Company, where he remained for thirty-three years, never feeling fitted for the work nor much interested in "business," but managing to survive, though without promotion.

Soon after leaving school, he was sent to Hertfordshire to his ill grandmother, housekeeper in a mansion seldom visited by its owners. Here he fell in love with Ann Simmons, subject of his earliest sonnets (though his first to be published, in the 29 December 1794 issue of the Morning Chronicle, was a joint effort with Coleridge to the actress Sarah Siddons—evidence of his lifelong devotion to the London theater). His "Anna" sonnets, which appeared in the 1796 and 1797 editions of Coleridge's Poems, have a sentimental, nostalgic quality: "Was it some sweet device of Faery / That mocked my steps with many a lonely glade, / And fancied wanderings with a fair-hair'd maid?"; "Methinks how dainty sweet it were, reclin'd"; "When last I roved these winding wood-walks green"; "A timid grace sits trembling in her eye." All were written after the love affair had ended, to Lamb's regret. His early novel, A Tale of Rosamund Gray (1798), is also rooted in the Ann episode.

After the death of Samuel Salt in 1792 the Lambs were in straitened circumstances, mother and father both ill. The elder brother, John, was living independently and was not generous to his family. On Charles (after an unpaid apprenticeship) and his elder sister, Mary, a dressmaker who had already shown signs of mental instability, fell the burden of providing for the family, and Mary took on the nursing as well. Two of Lamb's early sonnets are addressed to her: Mary, who was ten years older than Charles, had mothered him as a child, and their relationship was always a close one. Charles continued to write—a ballad on a Scottish theme, poems to friends and to William Cowper on that poet's recovery from a fit of madness. "A Vision of Repentance" ("I saw a famous fountain, in my dream") treats a truly Romantic theme—the hope of God's forgiveness for the sin of a repentant Psyche. It has a Keatsian charm but little lasting distinction.

The tragedy of 22 September 1796—when Mary, exhausted and deranged from overwork, killed their mother with a carving knife—changed both their lives forever. She was judged temporarily insane, and Lamb at twenty-two took full legal responsibility for her for life, to avoid her permanent confinement in a madhouse. Thereafter she was most often lucid, warm, understanding, and much admired by such friends as the essayist William Hazlitt. She also developed skills as a writer. But she was almost annually visited by the depressive illness which led to her confinement for weeks at a time in a private hospital in Hoxton. (Lamb too had been confined briefly at Hoxton for his mental state in 1795, but there was no later recurrence.) Both were known for their capacity for friendship and for their mid-life weekly gatherings of writers, lawyers, actors, and the odd but interesting "characters" for whom Lamb had a weakness.

For the moment Lamb "renounced" poetry altogether, but he soon took it up again and began work on a tragedy in Shakespearean blank verse, John Woodvil (1802), which has autobiographical elements. While there are a few fine lines and the writing in general is competent but unoriginal, plotting and character are weak: it was never produced. "The Wife's Trial," a late play in blank verse, is of minor interest. It was published in the December 1828 issue of Blackwood's Magazine. His only play to reach the stage, Mr. H——(in prose), was roundly hissed in London when it opened on 10 December 1806, but it was successfully produced in the United States thereafter.

Though soon after his mother's death he announced his intention to leave poetry "to my betters," Lamb continued to write verse of various kinds throughout his life: sonnets, lyrics, blank verse, light verse, prologues and epilogues to the plays of friends, satirical verse, verse translations, verse for children, and finally Album Verses (1830), written to please young ladies who kept books of such tributes. By 1820 he had developed what was to be his "Elia" prose style. He was the first intensely personal, truly Romantic essayist, never rivaled in popularity by his friends Leigh Hunt and William Hazlitt. Many of Lamb's essays before those he signed Elia came out in Hunt's publications."

For students of Lamb and for his recent biographers, Lamb's poetry is mainly of interest as autobiography and as light on the essays, often treating the same subjects. The great French critic Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve admired Lamb's early sonnet "Innocence" so much that he translated it, but most critics then and now agree with Leigh Hunt that Lamb "wanted sufficient heat and music to render his poetry as good as his prose." Alaric A. Watts, another of Lamb's contemporaries, wrote a jingle on Lamb that includes these lines: "For what if thy Muse will be sometimes perverse, / And present us with prose when she means to give verse?" He noted that Lamb's prose is often admirably poetic, so that "we miss not the rhyme." In the twentieth century A. C. Ward has effectively demonstrated that Lamb's poetry lacks both the inspiration and discipline of his prose, concluding that in his poetry "his intensity of emotion is never once matched with an intensely personal manner of expression: he does not find the one perfect mould, and hardly ever lights upon the miraculous right word...." (For "never once" one should substitute "rarely.") E. V. Lucas, Edmund Blunden, George L. Barnett, and William Kean Seymour, however, find in much of it charm, honesty, strength of feeling, and originality. "His poetry," Seymour concludes, "makes a pendant to his Essays, and it is a lustrous and significant pendant." The roles of artist and critic, of course, demand very different abilities: Lamb was, in correspondence, an able critic of the poetry of Coleridge and Wordsworth, who sometimes took his advice. (He met Wordsworth, who became a lifelong friend, through Coleridge in 1797.)"

Of considerable interest are Lamb's blank-verse poems, which reveal--with passion that comes through--his spiritual struggles after the tragedy, as he sought consolation in religion. In one, he doubts whether atheists or deists (such as his friend William Godwin, novelist, philosopher, and publisher of children's books) have adequate answers for the larger questions of life; other poems dwell on the death of the old aunt whose favorite he was (she also appears in his essay "Witches and Other Night-Fears"), on his dead mother with regrets for days gone, on his father's senility, on Mary's fate, and on his growing doubts about institutional religion. Yet these poems are among his most "prosy," with only an occasional impressive passage; their grammatical complexities are hard to follow. Several were published with poems by his Quaker friend Charles Lloyd in their Blank Verse (1798)."

Soon after composing this group he contributed a piece on his grandmother (later developed in "Dream-Children") to Lloyd's Poems on the Death of Priscilla Farmer (1796). The culmination of this period was "The Old Familiar Faces" (written in 1798 and published in Blank Verse), which ends:


some they have died and some they have left me,

And some are taken from me; all are departed;

All, all are gone, the old familiar faces.

This poem is still anthologized; it tells with grace the story of his own youth, touching a universal human chord. Written in 1803 and published in Lamb's 1818 Works, "Hester" takes as its subject a young Quaker whom he had often seen but to whom he had never spoken, though he said he was "in love" with her. She married early and soon died; his poem, a delicate tribute to a charming girl who enhances even Death, ends with lines addressed to her:


My sprightly neighbour, gone before

To that unknown and silent shore,

Shall we not meet, as heretofore,

Some summer morning,


When from thy cheerful eyes a ray

Hath struck a bliss upon the day,

A bliss that would not go away,

A sweet fore-warning?


These are his poetic triumphs. After them came more poems to friends, and also political verses, which are often sharp and clever, even venomous. "The Triumph of the Whale," on the prince regent, whom he sincerely hated, was published in Hunt's Examiner (15 March 1812) and may have had a part in Hunt's two-year incarceration for libel, though the official charge was based on Hunt's editorial a week later. "The Gipsy's Malison," another harsh poem of Lamb's later years--on the ill-born child who is destined to hang--is sometimes anthologized. Like "The Triumph of the Whale," it reveals a bitter aspect of Lamb's complex nature, which shows rarely but persistently in his work. Among Lamb's humorous light-verse pieces, "A Farewell to Tobacco" is one of the best. (He never gave up smoking or lost his taste for drink, though he tried often.)"

In 1808 he published his Specimens of English Dramatic Poets, Who Lived About the time of Shakspeare, with commentary that was later admired by the younger generation of Romantics, particularly Keats, and established Lamb as a critic. For needed cash, he and Mary, at Godwin's request, wrote Poetry for Children (1809), in which their fondness for children shines through the moral verses. It did not reach a second edition, but the Lambs were much more successful with Mrs. Leicester's School (1809) and Tales from Shakespear (1807), which has never since been out of print."

In 1818 Lamb published his early Works, and in 1819 he proposed to Fanny Kelly, a popular comic actress who was later a friend of Dickens and founder of the first dramatic school for girls. She refused him, confiding to a friend that she could not carry Mary's problems too. Charles and Mary did know a sort of parenthood in their 1823 "adoption" of a teenage orphan, Emma Isola, who regarded their home as hers until she married Lamb's new young publisher, Edward Moxon, in 1833."

In the years 1820-1825 Lamb made his reputation as Elia in the London Magazine. By 1825, though he was still a clerk, Lamb's salary had risen after long service, and he was able to retire at fifty with a good pension and provision for Mary. He occupied his new leisure for several years at the British Museum, compiling more dramatic excerpts, which appeared in William Hone's Table Book throughout 1827, and contributing other writings to periodicals. When Album Verses appeared in 1830, followed by the humorous ballad Satan in Search of a Wife (1831), critics found them disappointing fluff. His Last Essays of Elia (1833), from the London Magazine, reminded readers of his true stature."

Brother and sister had had to move many times as the reason for Mary's increasing absences from home became known. Their last move was to a sort of sanitarium at Edmonton, near London, in 1833. Here, while out walking one day in 1834, Lamb fell. He died of erysipelas a few days later. Mary lived on, with a paid companion, till 1847."

Lamb's essays were taught in schools until World War II, when reaction set in--from critics such as F. R. Leavis and others--dulling the sentimental admiration Lamb had till then enjoyed. Yet in the 1970s serious scholars increasingly discovered new virtues in his fine letters and criticism, and new subtleties in the old essays: too long had it been said that the affection he inspired precluded criticism. New biographies and studies have recently appeared, and in the 1980s there began a renewed appreciation for Lamb's prose--though not for his poetry. The Charles Lamb Society of London flourishes, and publishes a bulletin which has become impressively scholarly since its new series began in the 1970s.
— Winifred F. Courtney, Greenwood, South Carolina

This is a list of Canadian literary figures, including poets, novelists, children's writers, essayists, and scholars.


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Irving Abella1940historianNone is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe 1933-1948
Louise Abbottnon fiction author, photographer, filmmakerThe Coast Way: A Portrait of the English on the Lower North Shore of the St Lawrence
Mark Abley1955poet, journalistSpoken Here: Travels Among Threatened Languages
Carolyn Abraham1968journalist, non-fictionPossessing Genius: The Bizarre Odyssey of Eistein's Brain, The Juggler's Children: A Journey Into Family, Legend and the Genes that Bind Us
Marianne Ackerman1952playwright, novelist, journalist
Janice Acoose1954journalistIskwewak Kah Yaw Ni Wahkomakanak
Milton Acorn19231986poetThe Island Means Minago
José Acquelin1956poetAnarchie de la lumière, L'Oiseau respirable
Ken Adachi19291989historian, criticThe Enemy That Never Was
Barry D. Adam1952sociologist
Evan Adams1966dramatistDreams of Sheep, Snapshots, Dirty Dog River
Ian Adams1937novelist, non-fictionAgent of Influence
Mary Electa Adams18231898PoetFrom Distant Shores
Gil Adamson1961novelist, short stories, poetryThe Outlander
Caroline Adderson1963novelist, short storiesBad Imaginings, Sitting Practice
Marie-Célie Agnant1953poet, novelistLe Silence comme le sang
Freda Ahenakew19322011linguist, children's literature
Kelley Aitken1954short storiesLove in a Warm Climate
Will Aitken1949novelist, journalistTerre Haute, Realia
Donald Akenson1941novelist, historian
Kateri Akiwenzie-Damm1965poetMy Heart is a Stray Bullet
Linda Aksomitis1954children's literatureAdeline's Dream
Kamal Al-Solaylee1964journalistIntolerable: A Memoir of Extremes
Donald Alarie1945poetJérôme et les mots
Scott Albert1975novelist, screenwriter
Robert Arthur Alexie19572014novelistPorcupines and China Dolls, The Pale Indian
André Alexis1957novelist, journalist, short storiesChildhood, Asylum, Pastoral
Edna Alford1947poet
Sandra Alland1973poet, journalist
Donna Allard1956poet
Charlotte Vale Allen
(also known as Katherine Marlowe)
1941romantic novels, expert on child abuse
Grant Allen18481899science writer, novelistThe Woman Who Did
Harper Allenromantic fiction
Lillian Allen1951poetRhythm an' Hardtimes
Ralph Allen19131966novelist, journalistPeace River Country
Robert Thomas Allen19111990humorist, children's literatureThe Grass Is Never Greener, Wives, Children and Other Wild Life
Tom Allen1964creative non-fictionRolling Home
Paul Almond19312015novelist, screenwriter
Anne-Marie Alonzo19512005poetBleus de mine
George Amabile1936poet
Anahareo (Gertrude Moltke Bernard)19061986autobiographerDevil in Deerskins: My Life With Grey Owl
Marguerite Andersen1924poetCourts métrages et instantanés
Debra Andersonnovelist, playwrightCode White
Doris Anderson19212007journalistThe Unfinished Revolution, Rebel Daughter
Enza Anderson1964journalist
Gordon Stewart Anderson19581991novelistThe Toronto You Are Leaving
Hugh Anderson18901965playwrightAuld Lang Syne
Patrick Anderson19151979poet
Rod Anderson1935poet, accounting texts
Trevor Anderson1972screenwriter
Gail Anderson-Dargatz1963novelistThe Cure for Death by Lightning
Michael Andre1946poet
François-Réal Angers18121860legal textsDécisions des tribunaux du Bas-Canada
Trey Anthony1974playwrightDa Kink in My Hair
Salvatore Antonio1976playwrightIn Gabriel's Kitchen
Marianne Apostolidesnovelist, memoiristSwim, Voluptuous Pleasure
Lisa Appignanesi1946novelist, biographerLosing the Dead: A Family Memoir
Emmanuel Aquin1968novelist
Hubert Aquin19291977novelistProchain épisode
Nelly Arcan19732009novelistPutain
Gilles Archambault1933novelistL'obsédante obèse et autres aggressions
Bert Archer1968journalist, essayistThe End of Gay
Richard Arès19101989
Jeannette Armstrong1948novelist, poetSlash
Kelley Armstrong1968horror fictionWomen of the Otherworld
Rebecca Agatha Armour18451891novelist, local historianLady Rosamond's Secret. A Romance of Fredericton
David Arnason1940poet, novelist, historianThe Imagined City: A Literary History of Winnipeg
Joanne Arnott1960poet, children's literatureWiles of Girlhood
Lawrence Aronovitch1974playwright
Nina Arsenault1974
Ryad Assani-Razaki1981novels, short storiesDeux cercles, La main d'Iman
Damien Atkins1975playwrightReal Live Girl, Lucy, The Gay Heritage Project
Diana Atkinson1964novelistHighways and Dancehalls
Margaret Atwood1939novelist, poet, criticThe Handmaid's Tale, Alias Grace, Surfacing
Phillipe-Ignace François Aubert du Gaspé18141841novelistL'influence d'un livre
Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé17861871novelist, memoirist
Aude (Claudette Charbonneau-Tissot)19472012novelist, short storiesCet imperceptible mouvement
Jean-Paul Audet19181993theologian
Jonathan Auxieryoung adult literatureThe Night Gardener
François Avard1968screenwriterLes Bougon
Margaret Avison19182007poetThe Winter Sun, Concrete and Wild Carrot
Mona Awadnovelist, short stories13 Ways of Looking at a Fat Girl
Edem Awumey1975novelistPort-Mélo, Les Pieds sales
Malcolm Azania1969science fictionThe Coyote Kings of the Space-Age Bachelor Pad
Caroline AzarplaywrightThe Surreal Detective


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Lisa Bspoken word poet
Todd BabiaknovelistThe Garneau Block
Ken Babstock1970poetMean, Airstream Land Yacht
Mette Bachnovelist, screenwriter
Elizabeth Bachinsky1976poet
Bruce Bagemihl1962scienceBiological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity
Martha Baillie1960novelistThe Incident Report
Jacqueline Baker1967novelist, short storiesA Hard Witching, The Horseman's Graves, The Broken Hours
R. Scott Bakker1967fantasyPrince of Nothing
Sharon Bala1979novelist, short storiesThe Boat People
Shauna Singh Baldwin1962novelistWhat the Body Remembers, The Tiger Claw
Winifred Bambrick18921969novelistContinental Revue
Catherine Banksc.1960playwrightBone Cage
Himani Bannerji1942poet, academicDark Side of the Nation: Essays on Multiculturalism, Nationalism and Racism
Kaushalya Bannerjipoet
Gary Bannerman19472011non-fictionSquandering Billions
Nick Bantock1949novelistGriffin and Sabine
Marius Barbeau18831969academic, folklorist
Raymond Barbeau19301992essayist, literary critic
Victor Barbeau18961994
Bruce Barber1950art criticVoices of Fire: Art Rage, Power, and the State
Joan Barfoot1946novelistDancing in the Dark, Luck
Robert Barr18491912novelist, short stories, humoristThe Measure of the Rule, The Triumphs of Eugene Valmont
Laurent Barré18861964novelist
James Bartleman1939memoirist, young adult literatureRaisin Wine: A Boyhood in a Different Muskoka, As Long as the Rivers Flow
John Barton1957poetDesigns from the Interior, Sweet Ellipsis
Gary Barwin1964novelist, children's literature, poetSeeing Stars
Earl W. Bascom19061995cowboy historianThe History of Rodeo Bareback Bronc Riding
Rodrigo Bascunan1976non-fictionEnter The Babylon System
Jean Basile19321992novelist, essayistLa Jument des mongols, Le Grand Khan, Les Voyages d'Irkoutsk
Michel Basilières1960novelistBlack Bird
Gurjinder BasrannovelistEverything Was Good-bye
Frédéric Bastienhistorian, journalistLa Bataille de Londres
Arjun Basunovelist, short storiesSquishy, Waiting for the Man
Andrew BattershillnovelistPillow
Claire Battershillshort storiesCircus
Bill Bauer19322010poetThe Trail of the Lonesome Pine
Nancy Bauer1934arts journalistFlora, Write This Down
Jeremy Bates1978novelist (suspense/horror)Suicide Forest
Kevin Bazzana1963music historianWondrous Strange: The Life and Art of Glenn Gould
Yves Beauchemin1941novelistJuliette Pomerleau, Le Matou
Victor-Lévy Beaulieu1945novelist, playwright
Doug Beardsley1941poetDancing Star
Jeann Beattie19222005novelist, journalistBlaze of Noon, Behold the Hour, And the Tiger Leaps
Deni Ellis Béchard1974novelistVandal Love
Peter Behrens1954novelist, screenwriter, short-storiesThe Law of Dreams
Henry Beissel1929non-fiction, playwright, poet, short fiction, translatorUnder Coyote's Eye
Ken Belford1946poetPathways into the Mountains
Donald Bell19372003journalist, humoristSaturday Night at the Bagel Factory
William E. Bell1945children's literatureForbidden City
Winthrop Pickard Bell18841965historianThe "Foreign Protestants" and the Settlement of Nova Scotia
Paul Bellini1959screenwriter, comedy
John Bemrose1947journalist, novelist, playwright, poetThe Island Walkers
Djemila Benhabib1972journalist, non-fictionMa vie à contre-Coran: une femme témoigne sur les islamistes
Nigel Bennett1949fantasy novelistKeeper of the King, His Father's Son
David Bergen1957novelistThe Time in Between, A Year of Lesser
S. Bear Bergman1974playwright, poet
David Berman1962non-fictionDo Good Design
Jovette Bernier19001981journalist, novelist, poetNon Monsieur
Kris Bertinshort storiesBad Things Happen
Pierre Berton19202004historian, journalist, memoiristThe National Dream, The Last Spike
Dennison Berwick1956adventure travelSavages, the Life & Killing of the Yanomami, A Walk Along The Ganges
Gérard Bessette19202005novelistLe libraire, Le Cycle
H. S. Bhabra19552000novelistThe Adversary, Bad Money
Navtej Bharatipoet, publisher Third Eye PressLeela
Dave Bidini1963journalist, non-fiction, songwriterAround the World in 57½ Gigs, Tropic of Hockey
Anthony Bidulka1962mysteriesFlight of Aquavit, Sundowner Ubuntu
Nicolas Billon1978playwright, screenwriterThe Elephant Song, Iceland, Butcher
Pierre Billon1937novelist, screenwriter
Will R. Bird18911984novelist, non-fictionHere Stays Good Yorkshire, Judgment Glen
Sandra Birdsell1942novelist, short storiesThe Rüsslander, The Two-Headed Calf
Earle Birney19041995poet, novelist, playwright, short storiesDavid and Other Poems, Turvey
Carol Bishop-Gwynbiographer, arts journalistThe Pursuit of Perfection: A Life of Celia Franca
bill bissett1939experimental poetnobody owns th earth
Lise Bissonnette1945novelist, journalistMarie suivait l'été, Choses crus
Neil Bissoondath1955novelistA Casual Brutality, Selling Illusions
Persimmon Blackbridge1951non-fiction, novelistProzac Highway
George G. Blackburn19172006creative non-fictionThe Guns of Normandy
Peggy Blairnon-fiction, novelistLament for a First Nation, The Beggar's Opera
Marie-Claire Blais1939novelist, playwright, poetUne Saison dans la vie d'Emmanuel, La Belle Bête
Clark Blaise1940novelist, short stories, memoiristLunar Attractions, Montreal Stories
Robin Blaser19252009essayist, poet
Lance Blomgren1970short stories, essaysWalkups, Corner Pieces
Patricia Blondal19261959fiction, poetryA Candle to Light the Sun
Lise Blouin1944novelistL'Ors des fous
Michael Blouin1960novelist, poetChase and Haven, Wore Down Trust
Martha Blum19132007historical fictionThe Walnut Tree, The Apothecary
Giles Blunt1952mysteries, screenwriterForty Words for Sorrow, Blackfly Season
Ali BlythepoetTwoism
Adam BockplaywrightThe Receptionist, The Drunken City
Dennis Bock1964novelist, short storiesThe Ash Garden
Michel Bock1971historian, non-fictionQuand la nation débordait les frontières
Fred Bodsworth19182012journalist, naturalistThe Last of the Curlews
Christian Bök1966poetEunoia
Stephanie Bolster1969poetWhite Stone: The Alice Poems
Carol Bolt19412000playwrightBuffalo Jump, One Night Stand, Red Emma, Queen of the Anarchists
Kenneth Bonertnovelist, short storiesThe Lion Seeker
Shane BookpoetCeiling of Sticks, Congotronic
Walter Borden1942playwright, poet
Kathryn Borel1979memoiristCorked
Roo Borson1952poetShort Journey Upriver Toward Oishida
Monique Bosco19272007journalist, novelist, poet, short storiesLa femme de Loth
Gérard Bouchard1943non-fiction, novelistGenèse des nations et cultures du Nouveau Monde
Michel Marc Bouchard1958playwrightLilies, The Orphan Muses
Paul Bouchard19081997journalist
Marsha Boulton1952humorist, journalistLetters from the Country
Hédi Bouraoui1932poet, novelistVésuviade, La Femme d'entre les lignes
Pierre Bourgault19342003essayist, journalist
Pan Bouyoucas1946novelist, playwright, poetThe Man Who Wanted to Drink Up the Sea
Gail Bowen1942novelist, playwrightJoanne Kilbourn series
George Bowering1935biographer, novelist, poetThe Gangs of Kosmos, Burning Water
Marilyn Bowering1949poet, novelist, playwrightVisible Worlds, Autobiography
Bonnie BowmannovelistSkin
Randy Boyagoda1976novelist, non-fictionGovernor of the Northern Province
David Boyd1951children's literatureBottom Drawer
George Boyd1952playwright, screenwriterConsecrated Ground
Joseph Boyden1966novelist, short storiesThree Day Road, Through Black Spruce, The Orenda
Harry J. Boyle19152005humorist, novelistHomebrew and Patches, Luck of the Irish
Karleen Bradford1936children's literatureThere Will Be Wolves
Lawrence Ytzhak Braithwaite19632008essayist, novelist, poet
Max Braithwaite19111995novelist, non-fictionThe Night We Stole the Mountie's Car
Shannon Bramer1973poetThe Refrigerator Memory
Alan Bradley1938mysteryFlavia de Luce series
Dionne Brand1953essayist, novelist, poetWhat We All Long For, Land to Light On
Di Brandt1952poet, literary criticJerusalem, beloved, Now You Care
Beth Brant19412015
André Brassard1946screenwriterOnce Upon a Time in the East, Le soleil se lève en retard
Marie Brassardplaywright
Jacques Brault1933poet, translatorQuand nous serons heureux, Il n'y a plus de chemin
Lois Braun1949short storiesA Stone Watermelon
Morwyn Brebnerplaywright, television writerMusic for Contortionist, The Optimist, Saving Hope, Rookie Blue
Brian Brett1950novelist, memoirist, poetUproar's Your Only Music, The Fungus Garden
Krista Bridgenovelist, short storiesThe Virgin Spy, The Eliot Girls
Robert Bringhurst1946poet, author, typographerThe Beauty of the Weapons: Selected Poems 1972–82, Ursa Major
Barry Broadfoot19262003historianSix War Years, The Immigrant Years
Hélène Brodeur19232010historical fictionLes chroniques du Nouvel-Ontario, The Saga of Northern Ontario
David Bromige19332009poetMy Poetry
Frances Brooke17241789novelist, essayistThe History of Emily Montague
Bertram Brooker18881955poet, advertisingSubconscious Selling
Carellin Brooksnovelist, non-fictionOne Hundred Days of Rain, Wreck Beach
Nicole Brossard1943novelist, poetDouble impression, Méchanique jongleuse
Chrystine Brouillet1958novelist, children's literature
Sigmund Brouwer1959children's literatureWatch Out for Joel!
Charles Tory Bruce19061971poet, novelist, journalistThe Mulgrave Road
Julie Bruck1957poetThe Woman Downstairs, Monkey Ranch
Tyler Brûlé1968journalist
Gaétan Brulotte1945academic, novelist, playwright, short stories
Nick Brune1952historianDefining Canada: History, Identity, and Culture
Carol Bruneau1956novelistPurple for Sky
Louis-Ovide Brunet18261876botany
Michel Brunet19171985historianLes Canadiens après la conquête
Cathy Marie Buchanan1963novelistThe Day the Falls Stood Still, The Painted Girls
Ernest Buckler19081984novelistThe Mountain and the Valley
Robert Budde1966poet, novelistFinding Fort George
Margaret Buffie1945children's literatureWho Is Frances Rain?, The Dark Garden, The Watcher
Gilbert Buote18331904journalist
Kayt BurgessnovelistHeidegger Stairwell
Tony Burgess1959novelist, screenwriterPontypool Changes Everything
Nathan Burgoinenovelist, short storiesLight
Ronnie Burkett1957playwrightTinka's New Dress
Bonnie Burnard1945novelistA Good House
Murdoch Burnett19532015poetCentre of the World: A Plains Journey, We Are Not Romans
Richard Burnettjournalist
Mick Burrs1940poetVariations on the Birth of Jacob
Frank Christopher BuschnovelistGrey Eyes
Catherine Bush1961novelistMinus Time, The Rules of Engagement
Sharon Butala1940novelistThe Perfection of the Morning
Alec Butler1959playwrightBlack Friday


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Charmaine CadeaupoetPlaceholder
Stephen Cain1970poetAmerican Standard/Canada Dry
Frank Oliver Call18781956poet, travelAcanthus and Wild Grape, Sonnets for Youth
Barry Callaghan1937novelist, journalistBarrelhouse Kings
Morley Callaghan19031990novelist, short storiesA Fine and Private Place
Anne Cameron1938novelist, poet, short storiesDaughters of Copper Woman
Elspeth Cameron1943biographerNo Previous Experience
George Frederick Cameron18541885poet, lawyer, journalistLeo, the Royal Cadet (operetta)
Silver Donald Cameron1937non-fiction, fiction, drama, journalistSailing Away From Winter
Natalee Caple1970novelistThe Plight of Happy People in an Ordinary World
Pat Capponi1949memoiristUpstairs in the Crazy House
Opal Carew1956romantic novelistHis To Possess
Dave Carley1953playwrightWriting With Our Feet
Louis Carmain1983novelistGuano
Bliss Carman18611929poetLow Tide on Grand Pré
Louis Caron1942novelist, televisionL'Emmitouflé, Le Canard de bois, La Corne de brume
David Carpenter1941novelist, poet, essayistA Hunter's Confession
Emily Carr18711945novelist, short storiesKlee Wyck, The Book of Small, Hundreds and Thousands
Roch Carrier1937novelist, short storiesLa Guerre, Yes Sir!, Le chandail de hockey
Anne Carson1950poetAutobiography of Red
Anne Laurel Carter1953children's fictionThe Shepherd's Granddaughter
Allan Caseynon-fictionLakeland: Journeys into the Soul of Canada
Kate Cayleynovelist, dramatist, poetHow You Were Born, The Hangman in the Mirror, After Akhmatova
Denys Chabot1945novelist, historianL'Eldorado dans les glaces, La Province lunaire
Robert Chafe1971playwrightAfterimage, Tempting Providence
Francis Chalifour1977creative non-fictionAfter
Gillian Chan1954children's literatureGlory Days and Other Stories
David Chariandy1969novelistSoucouyant, Brother
Lyne CharleboisscreenwriterBorderline
Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix16821761historianHistoire et description générale de la Nouvelle-France
Normand Chaurette1954playwrightProvincetown Playhouse, juillet 1919, j'avais 19 ans, Le Passage de l'Indiana, Ce qui meurt en dernier
Évelyne de la Chenelière1975playwright, novelistDésordre public, Bashir Lazhar
Herménégilde Chiasson1946poet, playwrightConversations
Philip Child18981978novelistDay of Wrath, Mr. Ames Against Time
Anne Chislett1942playwrightQuiet in the Land, The Tomorrow Box
Ins ChoiplaywrightKim's Convenience
Denise Chong1953memoiristThe Concubine's Children
Wayson Choy1939novelistThe Jade Peony, All That Matters
Lesley Choyce1951poet, novelist, non-fictionThe Republic of Nothing
Michael Christieshort storiesThe Beggar's Garden; If I Fall, If I Die
Jane Christmas1954travel, memoiristAnd Then There Were Nuns
Eliza Clark1963novelistBite the Stars
Greg Clark18921977humoristWar Stories
Joan Clark1934novelistLatitudes of Melt, The Hand of Robin Squires
Austin Clarke1934novelistThe Polished Hoe, Growing Up Stupid Under the Union Jack
George Elliott Clarke1960poet, novelist, dramatistWhylah Falls, George and Rue, Black
David Clerson1978novelistFrères, En rampant
Fabien Cloutier1976dramatistPour réussir un poulet
Lynn Coady1970novelistSaints of Big Harbour, Strange Heaven, Hellgoing
Mark Coakleytrue crimeTip and Trade
Fred Cogswell19172004poet
Leonard Cohen19342016poet, novelist, singer-songwriterBeautiful Losers
Matt Cohen19421999novelistEmotional Arithmetic, Elizabeth and After
Susan G. Cole1952journalistPornography and the Sex Crisis, Power Surge: Sex Violence and Pornography
Trevor Cole1960novelistThe Fearsome Particles, Practical Jean
Anne Colemancreative non-fictionI'll Tell You a Secret
Victor Colemanpoet
Don Coles1928poetForests of the Medieval World
Ruth Collie18881936poetKnown as the Poem a Day Lady
John Robert Colombo1936poet, reference book compilerColombo's Canadian Quotations, Colombo's Canadian References
Wayde Compton1972poetry, essays, short fiction
Bill Conallnovelist, humoristThe Promised Land
Jan Conn1952poet, insect geneticistSouth of the Tudo Bem Cafe
Karen Connelly1969travel, novelist, poetTouch the Dragon,The Lizard Cage
Kevin Connolly1962poet, editorDrift, Revolver
Ralph Connor (also known as Charles William Gordon)18601937novelist, essayistThe Man from Glengarry, Glengarry School Days, The Sky Pilot
George Ramsay Cook1931historian
Hugh Cook1942novelist
Michael Cook19331994playwrightJacob's Wake
Tim Cook1971military historianShock Troops: Canadians Fighting the Great War 1917-1918, No Place to Run: The Canadian Corps and Gas Warfare in the First World War
Dennis Cooley1944poetIrene
Douglas Cooper1960novelistAmnesia, Delirium
Ann Copeland1932short storiesThe Golden Thread
Carole Corbeil19522000novelist, journalistVoice-Over, In the Wings
Charlotte Corbeil-Coleman1985playwrightScratch
Thomas B. Costain18851965historical fiction, non-fictionBelow the Salt, Ride with Me, The Black Rose, The Silver Chalice
Douglas Coupland1961novelistGeneration X, Girlfriend in a Coma
Hugh Cowan18671943historianOntario and the Detroit Frontier 1701–1814
James Alexander Cowan19011978writer, columnist
Daniel Allen Cox1976novelistShuck, Tattoo This Madness In
Ivan Coyote1969spoken-word poet, columnistBow Grip
Archie Crail1944playwright, short storiesExile, The Bonus Deal
Isabella Valancy Crawford18461887poet, freelanceOld Spookses' Pass
Donald Creighton19021979historianJohn A. Macdonald
Luella Creighton19011996historical fiction, children's non-fictionHigh Bright Buggy Wheels
Octave Crémazie18271879poet
Eva Crockershort storiesBarrelling Forward
Lynn Crosbie1963poet, novelistLife Is About Losing Everything
Lorna Crozier1948poetInventing the Hawk, Everything Arrives at the Light
Michael Crummey1965poet, novelist, non-fictionGalore
Nancy Jo Cullenpoet, short storiesScience Fiction Saint, Pearl, Untitled Child, Canary
Alan Cumyn1960novelistThe Secret Life of Owen Skye, Dear Sylvia
Richard Cumyn1957short fictionViking Brides, The View from Tamischeira, The Young in Their Country, Famous Last Meals
Peter Cureton19651994playwrightPassages
Andrea Curtiscreative non-fictionInto the Blue
Herb Curtis1949novelist, humoristThe Last Tasmanian, Luther Corhern's Salmon Camp Chronicles
Kayla CzagapoetFor Your Safety Please Hold On


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Antonio D'Alfonso1953poet, novelist, bilingual writerThe Other Shore, L'autre rivage, Fabrizio's Passion, Un vendredi du mois d'aout
Anne Dandurand1953novelist
Louis Dantin18651945poet, criticLe Coffret de Crusoé, Gloses critiques
Jean-Paul Daoust1946poet, novelist, short storiesLes Cendres bleues, Black Diva
Peter DarbyshirenovelistPlease
Frank Davey1940
Craig Davidsonnovelist, short storiesRust and Bone, Cataract City
True Davidson19011978poetry, fiction, non-fictionThe Golden Strings
Robertson Davies19131995novelistFifth Business, What's Bred in the Bone
Lauren B. Davis1955novelist, short stories
Amber Dawnnovelist, anthologistSub Rosa
Frank Parker Day18811950novelistRockbound
Mazo de la Roche18791961novelistJalna
Charles de Lintfantasy
Elisabeth de Mariaffishort stories, poetHow to Get Along With Women
Sadiqa de Meijershort stories, poetLeaving Howe Island
James de Mille18331880novelistA Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder
Marq de Villiers1940journalist, magazine editor, scienceWater: The Fate of Our Most Precious Resource
Anthony de Sanovelist, short storiesBarnacle Love
Patrick deWitt1975novelistThe Sisters Brothers
Michael Delisle1959novelist, poet, short storiesLe sort de fille, Le Feu de mon père
David Demchukplaywright, novelistThe Bone Mother, Touch, If Betty Should Rise
Sandra Dempsey
Barry Dempster
Dennis Denisoffnovelist, poet, academicDog Years, The Broadview Anthology of Victorian Short Stories
Randall Denleyjournalist, novelistThe Perfect Candidate
Léo-Paul Desrosiers18961967journalist, novelistLes Engagés du Grand Portage
Henriette Dessaulles18601946journalist, diaristFadette: Journal d'Henriette Dessaulles 1874-1881
Alexander Dewdney1941computer science, philosophy
Christopher Dewdney1951
Selwyn Hanington Dewdney19091979novelist, illustrator, non-fiction authorWind Without Rain
Myrna Deynovelist, journalistExtensions
Ranj Dhaliwal1976novelistDaaku, The Gangster's Life
Pier Giorgio Di Cicco1949poet,The Tough Romance, Virgin Science, Living in Paradise
Mary di Michele1949poet, novelistStranger in You: Selected Poems and New, Tenor of Love
Ann Diamond1951poet, novelist, short storiesA Nun's Diary, Evil Eye
Don Dickinson1947novelist, short storiesBlue Husbands, The Crew
Nicolas Dickner1972novelist, short storiesNikolski
Cherie Dimalinenovelist, short storiesThe Marrow Thieves
Sandra Djwa1939biography, literary criticismJourney with No Maps: A Life of P. K. Page
Kildare Dobbs1923short stories
Farzana DoctornovelistStealing Nasreen, Six Metres of Pavement
Cory Doctorow1971science fiction
Jeramy DoddspoetCrabwise to the Hounds
Bob DolmanscreenwriterSCTV
Don Domanski1950
Candas Dorsey1960science fiction
Clive Doucet
Orville Lloyd Douglas1976poet
James Doull19182001philosopher
Glen Downey1969children's literature
Brian Doyle1935young adult fiction
Brian DraderplaywrightProk, The Fruit Machine, The Norbals
William Henry Drummond18541907poetThe Habitant
Marcel Dubé
Peter Dubénovelist, short storiesHovering World, At the Bottom of the Sky
Réjean Ducharme1941
Louis Dudek19182001poet
Dave Duncan1933
Sara Jeannette Duncan18611922novelist, journalistThe Imperialist
Warren Dunford1963novelistSoon to Be a Major Motion Picture, Making a Killing, The Scene Stealer
Kristyn Dunnion1969novelist, short storiesBig Big Sky, The Dirt Chronicles
Douglas Durkin18841967novelist, screenwriterThe Magpie


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Lawrence Earl19152005novelist, journalistYangtse Incident, The Battle of Baltinglass
Edith Maude Eaton18651914short storiesMrs. Spring Fragrance
Evelyn Eaton19021983novelist, poetQuietly My Captain Waits
Chris Eaton1971novelist, musicThe Inactivist, The Grammar Architect
Winnifred Eaton18751954novelistA Japanese Nightingale
Kim Echlin1955novelistThe Disappeared
David Eddienovelist, humoristChump Change, Housebroken: Confessions of a Stay-at-Home Dad, Damage Control
Esi EdugyannovelistThe Second Life of Samuel Tyne, Half-Blood Blues
Caterina Edwards1948novelist, playwright, short story writerThe Lion's Mouth, Island of the Nightingales, The Sicilian Wife
Modris Eksteins1943historianWalking Since Daybreak: A Story of Eastern Europe, World War II and the Heart of Our Century, Solar Dance: Genius, Forgery, and the Eclipse of Certainty
George Elliott19231996short storiesThe Kissing Man, Crazy Water Boys
Deborah Ellisnon-fiction, young adult fictionThe Breadwinner, The Heaven Shop
Sarah Ellis1952children's literatureOdd Man Out, Pick Up Sticks
Louis Émond1969novelistThe Manuscript
Marina Endicott1958novelistGood to a Fault, The Little Shadows, Close to Hugh
Howard Engel1931mysteriesThe Suicide Murders
Marian Engel19331985novelistBear
Yves Englerpolitics, activistPlaying Left Wing
Sharon English1965short storiesZero Gravity
Steven Erikson1959novelistMalazan Book of the Fallen series
Ann Eriksson1956novelistIn the Hands of Anubis
Gloria Escomel1941novelist, dramatist, journalistPièges, Fruit de la passion
Michael Estok19391989poetA Plague Year Journal
Jon Evans1973novelistDark Places
Stanley EvansnovelistSeaweed series of crime fiction


NameBornDiedGenreNotable works
Emil Fackenheim19162003historian, philosopher
Terry FallishumoristThe Best Laid Plans
Alain Farah1979novelist, poetMatamore no 29, Pourquoi Boulogne
Edmundo Farolan1943poet, playwright, novelistItinerancias, Hexalogia Teatral, Love, Travels and Other Memoirs of a Filipino Writer
Brian Fawcett1944novelist, non-fictionVirtual Clearcut: Or, the Way Things Are in My Hometown,